About Acne

skin diagram

Acne is a Localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of the oil glands at the base of specialized hair follicles. Acne happens when oil (sebaceous) glands come to life around puberty, when these glands are stimulated by male hormones that are produced in the adrenal glands of both boys and girls.

The oil glands, which are located just beneath the skin, continuously produce and secrete oil through openings in the skin. The oil lubricates and protects the skin. Under certain circumstances, cells that are close to the openings of the oil glands block the openings. This causes a buildup of oil underneath the skin.

Bacteria, which live in everyone’s skin but generally mind their own business, feast on this oil, multiply, and cause the surrounding tissues to become inflamed if the follicle ruptures.

If the inflammation is right near the surface, you get a pustule; if it’s deeper, a papule (pimple); deeper still and it’s a cyst. If the pore of the affected hair follicle is closed to the surface, the result is a ” whitehead.” If the pore is wide open, oil becomes oxidized (that is, acted on by oxygen in the air), the oil changes from white to black, and the result is a “blackhead.”

Acne is also referred to as pimples.

Source: medicinenet.com


acne   جوش 

inflammation   التهاب

oil glands   غدد چربی

puberty   دوران بلوغ

stimulate   تحریک کردن

male hormones   هورمونهای مردانه

adrenal glands   غدد آدرنال

produce   تولید کردن

secrete   ترشح کردن

lubricate   چرب کردن

protect   محافظت کردن

feast   جشن گرفتن

multiply   تکثیر شدن

surrounding tissues   بافتهای اطراف

rupture   پاره شدن

surface   سطح

pustule   جوش چرک دار

pimple   جوش

cyst   کیست

oxidize   اکسید کردن



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