Vincent Willem van Gogh Biography

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  Vincent van Gogh was born in Groot-Zundert, Holland on March 30, 1853. He brought up in a religious and cultured atmosphere.Vincent was highly emotional and lacked self-confidence. Between 1860 and 1880, when he finally decided to become an artist, van Gogh had had two unsuitable and unhappy romances and had worked unsuccessfully as a clerk in a bookstore, an art salesman, and a preacher in the Borinage (a dreary mining district in Belgium).

  He remained in Belgium to study art, determined to give happiness by creating beauty. The works of his early Dutch period are genre paintings of which the most famous is “The Potato Eaters” (1885). In that year van Gogh went to Antwerp where he discovered the works of Rubens and purchased many Japanese prints. In 1886 he went to Paris to join his brother Théo, the manager of Goupil’s gallery. In Paris, van Gogh studied with Cormon, inevitably met Pissarro, Monet, and Gauguin, and began to lighten his very dark palette and to paint in the short brushstrokes of the Impressionists.

 Vincent decided to go south to Arles where he hoped his friends would join him and help found a school of art. Gauguin did join him but with disastrous results. Near the end of 1888, an incident led Gauguin to ultimately leave Arles. Van Gogh pursued him with an open razor, which ended up cutting a portion of his own ear lobe off. Van Gogh then began to alternate between fits of madness and lucidity and was sent to the asylum in Saint-Remy for treatment.

  In May of 1890, he seemed much better and went to live in Auvers-sur-Oise under the watchful eye of Dr. Gachet. Two months later he was dead, having shot himself “for the good of all.” During his brief career he had sold one painting. Van Gogh’s finest works were produced in less than three years in a technique that grew more and more impassioned in brushstroke. Van Gogh’s inimitable fusion of form and content is powerful; dramatic, lyrically rhythmic, imaginative, and emotional, for the artist was completely absorbed in the effort to explain either his struggle against madness or his comprehension of the spiritual essence of man and nature.


Religious   مذهبی

Emotional   احساسی

Self-confidence   اعتماد به نفس

Unsuitable   نامناسب

Preacher   واعظ

Dreary   ملالت بار

Mining   معدن کاری

Determine   تصمیم گرفتن

Discover   کشف کردن

Purchase   خریدن

Join   پیوستن

Inevitably   بطور اجتناب ناپذیری

Lighten   روشن کردن

Found   تاسیس کردن

Incident   حادثه

Pursue   تعقیب کردن

Madness   دیوانگی

Lucidity   دوره سلامتی و هوشیاری

Asylum   تیمارستان

Inimitable   بی نظیر

Impassion   به هیجان آوردن

Imaginative   تخیلی

Struggle   مبارزه و کشمکش

Comprehension   درک



Choose the correct word to complete the sentence.

1) Something which makes you feel sad or bored is ……………

a) inimitable   b) dreary   c) imaginative

2) Something which is too good or skillful for anyone else to copy the same high standard is …………..

a) unsuitable   b) religious   c) inimitable

3) A person who has strong feelings and shows them to other people is …………….

a) imaginative   b) emotional   c) dreary

4) Something which doesn’t have the right quality for a particular person, purpose, or situation is ………………..

a) unsuitable   b) inimitable   c) imaginative

5) A person who believes in a religion and obeys its rules is …………….

a) religious   b) dreary   c) emotional

پاسخ تمرین ها

1) dreary

2) inimitable

3) emotional

4) unsuitable

5) religious


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